1970: Lotus introduced the aerodynamic principle of the ground effect that provides enormous downforce and greatly increases the speed of turning.
Reforming safety standards (1980 – present)
1982 – 1990: The replacement of aluminum with a firmer material rather than carbon fiber in the construction of a chassis minimizes loss of life on F1 races.
1994: The FIA unexpectedly baned performance-enhancing electronic technologies, leading to quite a few racing cars no longer maintaining the required level of safety while their capacity is steadily increasing year by year.
The consequences were the deaths of legendary racer Ayrton Senna and Austrian racing driver Roland Ratzenberger. Since then, safety has become F1’s top concern.
2003: FIA adopted the head and neck safety support system (HANS), which reduces the force applied to the head by over 65%, nearly 90% of the force applied to the driver’s neck in all cases, minimizing the Injury can happen.
2017: FIA adopted a HALO – titanium device, weighs about 9kg with 3 main axes, the front axle is located in the center of the body in front of the cockpit, 2 side axes extend to the back, covering the seating position of the racer.
In 2010, FIA removed the old scoring system 10-8-6-5-4-3-2-1 for 8 riders at the beginning of each stage. Instead, the top 10 drivers in each race will be graded on a 25-18-15-12-10-8-6-4-2-1 scale. FIA officials believe that the 7-point gap between the first and second place holders, instead of just 2 points, will make the races more drastic.
Most recently, in 2019, F1 organizers issued a new rule with the content. There were Bonus 1 extra point for the driver to achieve the fastest lap (the fastest lap time) to encourage the racers to reach the highest speed. Teams with the fastest lap drivers will also be awarded points. However, to be awarded points, the rider must be ranked in the top 10 of the race.